House of Representatives spokeswoman Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., said in a statement that “in the face of the loss of thousands of jobs in the processing industry and the country farm, ravaged by the damage caused by President Trump, Americans have no choice but a striking television ceremony to try to conceal the total lack of concrete progress, transparency or accountability in this “phase 1″ agreement.” On January 15, 2020, the United States and China signed a historic and binding agreement on a Phase 1 trade agreement. The agreement requires structural reforms and other changes to China`s economic and trade regime. 7. See US Trade Representative and US Department of Agriculture, Interim Report on the Economic and Trade Agreement between the United States of America and the People`s Republic of China: Agriculture Trade, October 23, 2020. This report contains data on projected U.S. exports – not actual U.S. exports under the legal text of the trade agreement – based on weekly sales data for certain agricultural products reported to the Department of Agriculture. As of September 2020, China had purchased only 53% of what was expected at this time of year (Chart 1, Panel a).3 Imports of all covered products were only $65.9 billion compared to a target of $124.9 billion. Up to three-quarters of 2020, China had bought only more than a third of what it had promised in the Trump deal it would buy this year. (The full-year purchase target is $173.1 billion.) Chinese imports from the United States failed to catch up with their pre-trade level and were 16% lower than the same date in 2017.
In his January 2020 trade deal with China, President Donald Trump argued that his trade war with China was a success. In its self-proclaimed “historic” agreement, China committed to purchase other U.S. goods and services in 2020 and 2021. Trump even boasted that the deal “could be closer to $300 billion once it`s done.” U.S. tariffs of 25% on Previously imported $250 billion worth of Chinese goods will remain unchanged immediately. These could be withdrawn as part of a phase 2 trade negotiation, U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said Wednesday. “The Phase 1 agreement contains reasonable commitments, but does not meet the government`s original objectives,” said Wendy Cutler, a former U.S. negotiator who is now vice president of the Asia Society Policy Institute. Other Chinese concessions would force Bejing to make major changes to its state-dominated business model, meaning that “the prospects for a timely conclusion are very remote,” she said. The United States and China must resume negotiations on important policies that are not affected by the first phase agreement. Trump`s trade war has failed to address what really concerns U.S.-China trade relations.
It is time for a new approach. The agreement aims to ease some U.S. economic sanctions against China, while Beijing must strengthen the purchase of U.S. agricultural products and other products. For example, Mr. Trump cited beef, pork, poultry, seafood, rice and dairy products. Trump`s complaints about Chinese imports have historically focused on the manufacturing sector, which accounted for 70% of the products covered by the purchase commitments4. which would push U.S. companies out of export markets.